A French drain is a narrow trench or weeping tile filled with loose soil or stone or filled with a perforated drain to divert surface water away from an underground area. They are sometimes constructed with a layer of soil above the drainage layer. The French drains are available in different materials like clay, cast iron, concrete, etc. Some French drains have a layer of crushed stone attached to them. French drains are used for household plumbing as well as commercial plumbing.

Installing a French drain in your basement is not a difficult job but you do need some expertise. In case you are installing the drainage on your own then there are certain precautions that you need to take into consideration before starting the installation work. First of all, you should prepare your basement properly by removing all debris and rubbish from the basement. It is important to make sure that no object gets blocked in the French drains.

For installing a French drain in your basement the most ideal position is at a right angle to the slope. The French drains are usually installed two feet below the ground level. You should make sure that your French drain is installed two feet above the ground level so that water flowing through will not be hampered. The installation of a French drain can be started either at the excavation for the footer drain trench or at the point where the trench wall and top lip meet. The French drain should be installed two feet below the ground level as this will help it function efficiently.

You need to dig a hole of at least six inches deep for installing the French drains. You can learn more about the French drainage system from your local library. The location of the footer drain trench and the location of the main sewer line is important in determining the site to be excavated for installing the French drains.

The two-footer drains are normally installed in the corner of the basement. If you are installing the French drains in the corner of your basement then you need to dig an eight-inch hole for the inlet grate. The inlet grate will be placed inside the trench. After digging the inlet grate you have to set it in the correct position by angling it slightly downward. In order to determine where the best location is for installing the inlet grate, you can use a soil thermometer.

After locating the best position for the inlet grate you have to set the base for the French drains. The proper foundation is required for the French drain installation. The first thing that you have to do is to prepare the footing. The footing includes the loose soil that is located under the gravel of the retaining wall. You have to smooth this loose surface by using a shovel.

The second thing that you have to do is to set the drain trap in the appropriate position. Then you have to screw the base corrugated pipe of the French drains to the floor level and then tighten the top corrugated pipe of the French drainage pipe system. Before tightening the drain trap you have to make sure that the soil in the bottom of the trap is enough to hold the weight of the new drain trap. With the help of a friend or two, you have to push the soil in the bottom of the trap back.

Installing the French drains is not a difficult task. However, when you are installing the French drains you have to be careful. You have to make sure that you are installing the French drains in the right way. You have to install the French drains in the right type of position.