A French drain is basically a large trench containing a perforated drain pipe or excavated ground or filled with crushed stone or gravel where water can be directed away from a region. In order for a French drain to work properly the French must run completely parallel to the surface they are designed to drain. In the United Kingdom, a similar type of drain known as a storm water drain network is available in places such as Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. In the United States, these types of drains are common in many urban areas.
French drains can be constructed using different materials depending on where the drain is to be placed, its size and length, and other factors. One of the most effective materials is PVCu, which is manufactured from a plastic polymer and is resistant to a wide range of pressures, oils, and other liquids. It is also durable and low-maintenance. The installation of French drains involves a series of steps, including:
Before undertaking a French drain installation project, it is important to know just how much digging will be required. Measure the distance between your home’s roof and the nearest corner to determine the maximum depth at which your French drain should be installed. This is typically between twelve to twenty-four inches but can vary depending on factors such as the type of soil, weather conditions, and any obstacles such as buildings or other structures. Dig a minimum of two feet from the property’s edge, but not more than twenty feet, to accommodate the movement of soil during construction.
Once you know the required depth, determine if your French drain will require excavation. If so, then you can begin to prepare the area by excavating around the property’s foundation, making sure to keep the excavation below ground level. If you are dealing with a drainage problem, this will make it easier to install the French drains. The next step is to excavate around the house, taking care not to damage your home or damage property. The French drain system will be installed over a series of gravel or fabric pieces that will be secured to the foundation and the home. This will help you to achieve the best fit and look for your drainage system.
After the excavation has taken place, you will have to prepare the surface on which the French drain will be installed. The French drains use a flexible pipe in order to construct their pipes, and these pipes are placed on the surface after excavation has taken place. The first piece of the French drain is then inserted into the excavated area, and this is done by fitting the bottom of the pipe to the earth’s lowest point. Once the pipe is in the correct position, the next piece is inserted, and this process continues until all of the drain’s pipe is in the proper place.
In order to prevent French drains from deteriorating, a few options should be kept in mind. First of all, in most cases, it is important to avoid placing paved areas along the sides of French drains in order to prevent damage. Paved surfaces may also promote erosion by giving way to rapid water flow. If you do have to place paver surfaces along the walls of water pools, there are several options available to protect these areas. The best solution may be to place a waterproof surface on the lower half of the walls and then to add a layer of insulation to this surface, in order to protect it from water leaking onto the upper half of the wall.
One type of French drain pipe that can be used in a variety of situations is the slotted French drain pipe. This type of French drain pipe is constructed with a number of small slits at the top of the pipe, allowing water to flow from one section of pipe to another, without having to channel the water through channels. The main benefit to using this type of French drain pipe is that it does not require large amounts of excavation. Each time the water level in the pool rises, the smaller slitted French drain pipe becomes wider, and the water can then be directed along the pipes until it meets up with the larger French drain pipe at the bottom of the pool.
Another problem with using this kind of French drain installation is the potential for clogging. Because the tiny holes made by the application of the aggregate is very small, it is easy for soil particles, sand, and other debris to slip through the pipe. When this happens, the water level in the pool can quickly rise, causing an immediate and dangerous problem. This is why it is essential to hire a licensed plumber for any type of French drain piping installation.